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May 8, 2019

18 Ways to Make a Baby

When I first came to know that there were 18 ways to make a baby, I was astonished. Dr. Jamie Grifo, a specialist in reproductive endocrinology at New York University Medical Center, stated the fact during an interview that I recorded with him for this NOVA program.

Just imagine my astonishment when I realized that there were actually more ways than 18.

Before making the film, I would have been shocked to hear that there were more than three or four ways. Like many people, I was accustomed with artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization and frozen embryos, but not more than that. While working on a particular program, I came to know about some latest techniques such as Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis. I was initially hard-pressed to come up with the 18 ways.

At the end I did and ran the complete list past Dr. Grifo to make sure that it was precise. And, here it is;

  • Natural way
  • Artificial insemination- of woman with male partner’s sperm
  • Artificial insemination- of woman with donor’s sperm
  • Artificial insemination- with egg and sperm donors, using a surrogate
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF)- using egg and sperm of male partner
  • IVF- with Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
  • IVF- with frozen embryos
  • IVF- with Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
  • IVF- with egg donor
  • IVF- with sperm donor
  • IVF- with sperm and egg donor
  • IVF- with surrogate mother using parents’ sperm and egg
  • IVF- with egg donor and surrogate
  • IVF- with sperm donor and surrogate
  • IVF- with surrogate mother using her egg, sperm from child’s father
  • IVF- with surrogate using egg and sperm donors*
  • Cytoplasm transfer**
  • Nuclear transfer and cloning

*In this case, the child born ultimately has five parents, the biological parents, the surrogate who carried baby in her womb, and the parents who will raise the child.

**The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has recently asked the experts that execute this experimental procedure to submit it for FDA approval, so it is not available at the moment.