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Fallopian tubes refer to female reproductive organs which attach the ovaries and the uterus. These are two thin muscular tubes, one on each side of the uterus. It helps the mature eggs to travel from the ovaries to the uterus. When an obstruction disallows the mature eggs to travel down towards the uterus from the ovaries, then the woman is considered as she has a tubal blockage or blocked fallopian tube.
It may occur either one of the sides or both the sides and today it has become the cause of infertility in 40% of infertile women.
Also, it is possible that blockage doesn’t occur completely, but only moderately. Then it may increase the chances of tubal pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy. These days Fallopian Tube Obstruction is very common and majorly become the cause of infertility in infertile women.
Note:- “Tuberculosis (very common in India) is a very common cause of Tubal Blockage.”
What are the Causes of Blocked Fallopian Tubes?
How Infertility is caused by Tubal Blockage?
Each month, during the ovulation, an egg is released from one of the ovaries. The egg travels from the ovaries through fallopian tubes to the uterus. The sperm is also required to swim towards the egg from the cervix through uterus, and through the tubes. The process of fertilization generally takes place while the egg is traveling through a tube.
When there is a tubal blockage in one or both the tubes, the egg gets obstructed reaching the uterus and the sperm gets obstructed reaching the egg, thus, preventing the fertilization process and pregnancy.
What are the Symptoms of Fallopian Tube Obstruction?
Generally, there are no symptoms found for blocked fallopian tubes. Even women having tubal blockage don’t know that they have blocked fallopian tubes until they try to achieve pregnancy and find a problem during investigation.
In some women, a blocked fallopian tube may show symptoms like pain in the pelvis or belly. The pain might occur regularly during the time of periods. It also happens sometimes that a fertilized egg is obstructed due to the tubal blockage, which is known as Ectopic pregnancy.
An Ectopic pregnancy probably not always shows symptoms, it is identified after a scan. Though, some women may experience signs of pregnancy such as pain in stomach on the one side of the body or vaginal bleeding.
How to Diagnose a Fallopian Tube Obstruction?
Tubal Blockage is diagnosed with a special X-ray known as a hysterosalpingogram or HSG. This test involves a dye through the cervix with the help of a tiny tube. Once the dye has been given, our doctor at Delhi IVF will obtain the X-rays of your pelvic region.
How to Get Pregnant with Blocked Fallopian Tubes?
IVF (In-vitro fertilization) – IVF can help women with tubal blockages as it involves taking the fertility drugs/medicines to stimulate the ovaries. In this technique, our doctor will retrieve the eggs directly from your ovaries and fertilize those eggs with your male partner’s sperm in the lab for 2-3 days. Once the eggs are fertilized and the embryos are formed, our doctor will transfer the healthy embryos back into your uterus to achieve pregnancy.
Contact our doctor or specialist to know about the best treatment for you.
Laparoscopic Surgery– In some cases, laparoscopic surgery has proven to be an appropriate to remove the scar tissue and open the blocked tubes. Also, it is not mandatory that this treatment will always work for all the women having blocked tubes. It depends upon your age, the cause of blockage and how much area of the tube is blocked.
Why Tubal Blockage Treatment at Delhi IVF?
Over the past 30 years, Delhi IVF has gained a worldwide reputation as the fertility clinic of 1st choice. Most of our patients come to us after trying everything and when all of their practices have failed everywhere. We develop our patients hope back by providing them fruitful treatment and success in becoming parents. We have successfully delivered happiness over the last 30 years in more 65 countries with the help of excellent team of doctors and by adapting latest and advanced technologies to easily deliver success.