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What is PCOD and PCOS: Treatment, Causes, Symptoms

Medical science has come a long way over the past few decades. It has now identified a list of medical complications in men and women which often get unnoticed and undiagnosed in the past. With this, patient can think of healthy life while getting the right and most appropriate treatment for all these medical issues. Especially, when we talk regarding the medical complications in women, Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Polycystic Ovary Disorder (PCOD) are conditions that usually take a backseat.

Still, these are some complications that influence a woman’s hormone levels, each showing with different characteristics. At the same time, the fact is that both of these complications are frequently intermixed by many due to their comparable names and related indications. This is where understanding these conditions in simple terms can help demystify them for those who are looking for a desired solution.

What do we understand with PCOS?

There are many definitions and concepts floating on the internet regarding this medical complication. Yet, PCOS may be a hormonal disorder common among women of reproductive age. It is characterized by a combination of side effects that can emerge during the onset of this issue. This may include irregular menstrual periods, higher androgen levels (male hormones driving to facial and body hair growth, acne issue, and male-pattern hair loss), and polycystic ovaries.  Also, woman with PCOS may also witness occasional, prolonged menstrual periods or intemperate levels of androgen, which can meddled with the growth and release of eggs during ovulation. Additionally, PCOS can also lead to obesity in some cases.

On the other side, the core cause of PCOS remains unknown, but variables like insulin resistance, inflammation, heredity, and excess androgen production are thought to play critical parts. This may lead to several complications like infertility, gestational diabetes, premature delivery, liver inflammation, metabolic syndrome, Type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, mental health issues and even endometrial cancer. We will talk in details regarding all these causes in the later part of this post.

What do we understand with PCOD?

Just like PCOS, PCOD has been defined in various ways in the online community. Yet, the most appropriate one says that PCOD, in spite of the fact that regularly confused with PCOS, is considered less serious. That said, it’s a condition where the ovaries discharge multiple immature or partially-mature eggs that inevitably turn into cysts. Also, unlike PCOS, PCOD doesn’t include the same level of hormonal issues and is essentially focused on the functioning of the ovaries’. Moreover, women with PCOD might come across irregular periods or no periods at all due to the hormonal imbalance issue.

What is the core difference between PCOS and PCOD ?

While many get confused within the two, PCOD and PCOS are different. Also, the major difference between PCOS and PCOD lies in their severity and implications. PCOS is highly known as a metabolic disorder that can lead to a few health risks, including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular issues, and high blood pressure. On the other hand, PCOD doesn’t for the most part lead to serious health issues but can cause some discomfort and irregular menstrual cycles. Also, both conditions can be overseen viably with early detection and treatment, including opting for a healthy lifestyle. One can also go for weight loss, healthy diet, proper exercising, and particular medical treatments depending on the side effects.

What are the best ways of managing PCOS and PCOD ?

Even though there isn’t a sure shot treatment of these medical complications, you can always try to manage their impact. That said, key changes in lifestyle are significant in managing both PCOS and PCOD. Also, keeping up a healthy body weight, cutting down on your carbohydrates intake, and standard physical exercise can help decrease androgen levels, reestablish ovulation, and ease up the PCOD symptoms like excess hair growth and acne issues.  On the other side, you must focus mostly on lean proteins, whole grains, fiber-rich nutrition, and a cut in carbohydrate intake.

Also, physical activity not only helps in weight management but also boosts your insulin functionality, helping in overseeing PCOS and PCOD successfully. Moreover, proper sleep schedule and avoiding the intake of tobacco and liquor are significant for managing side effects and anticipating complications.

Discussing PCOS and PCOD treatment, it may also include solutions to regulate menstrual cycles, managing hormonal imbalances, and address ripeness issues. In a few cases, surgical options like ovarian drilling are considered for women with PCOS who haven’t responded well to the hormonal treatments.

So, we can say that whereas PCOS and PCOD share a few similarities, they are particular conditions that require medical attention. Hence, with some good and healthy lifestyle changes, you can always lead a better life.

What are the major PCOS and PCOD Symptoms ?

Although none of these issues come along with any significant symptoms, there are few that need to get addressed immediately. Also, understanding these symptoms is important as it help to look for proper medical counsel and administration. Both conditions are related to hormonal imbalance in women, influencing their reproductive, metabolic, and mental health. Whereas their symptoms can be similar, recognizing them can lead to way better, personalized treatment alternatives.

PCOS Symptoms

The major symptoms for PCOS usually come up during the initial menstrual cycle. Yet, they can also come later with time. Also, these symptoms are various, influencing different body systems, and their intensity can change from one person to another:

Concerns related to irregular periods: This comes as the most common and the first sign of PCOS. That said, women may witness fewer menstrual cycles every year, prolonged periods, or cycles that are unpredictable, making it difficult to foresee when the following period will happen.

Issue related to heavy bleeding: When periods happen, they could come up with heavy bleeding than usual due to the uterine lining building up for a longer period.

Excess hair growth: More than 70% of women with PCOS get hair on their face and body, including on their back, belly, and chest. This condition, known as hirsutism, comes due to the excessiveness of male hormones.

Acne issues: Male hormones can also make the skin oilier than usual, driving to acne on face, chest and upper back.

Excessive weight gain: Up to 80% of women with PCOS are overweight or gaining weight faster. Moreover, this side effect can compound other side effects due to the relationship between weight and hormone control.

Male-pattern Hair loss: Women may also witness issues related to hair thinning and hair loss from the scalp due to the hormonal imbalance.

Skin darkening:  The skin would start developing dark patches on the neck, within the groin, and beneath the breasts.

Regular Headaches: Hormonal changes can trigger regular headaches and migraines in a few women. Also, these side effects can contribute to long-term complications if not managed successfully, including infertility, type 2 diabetes, sleep apnea, and mental health issues.

What are the major PCOD Symptoms ?

Just like PCSO, even PCOD doesn’t have any huge symptoms. Also, PCOD side effects are regularly less serious than those of PCOS and are basically focused around unpredictable menstrual cycles due to the ovaries’ failure to properly release eggs. The side effects may include:

Irregular or no period: This can extend from no menstrual periods to irregular periods, including cycles that are as well long or as well short.

Heavy bleeding: The periods can be heavier than usual when they do occur.

Excess Weight Gain: Like PCOS, excess weight gain is common in PCOD, particularly around the belly, which can often lead to metabolic issues.

Excess hair growth and loss: Women may also witness unwanted hair growth on the face and body and losing hair on the scalp, in spite of the fact that this can be by and large less serious than in PCOS.

Acne and Oily Skin: Changes within the skin texture, including acne and expanded oiliness, can happen due to hormonal imbalance.

We should also know that Both PCOS and PCOD can influence a women’s fertility, with unpredictable ovulation making it more troublesome to conceive. Furthermore, these conditions are related with an expanded chance of creating other health issues, such as insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, and hypertension.

How to manage the symptoms well ?

While you are looking for the most viable PCOS and PCOD treatment, it’s always advisable to manage the symptoms well. That said, the management of PCOS and PCOD includes a combination of lifestyle changes, medicines, and in a few cases, surgery.  One can go for healthy lifestyle changes including dietary restrictions, standard exercises, and weight management. Medicines may include hormonal treatments to direct menstrual cycles, oversee hair growth, and address fertility issues. In extreme cases of PCOS, surgical options like ovarian drilling may be considered to enhance ovarian function.

At the same time, for those encountering side effects, it’s important to connect with a healthcare professional for a appropriate identification and personalized treatment process. Early detection can help oversee symptoms, improve lifestyle, and diminish the risk of long-term health issues.

On the other side, it’s important for women experiencing these side effects to look for medical counsel for a proper solution and treatment process. With suitable management, women with PCOS and PCOD can lead a happy and healthier life, minimizing the affect of these conditions on their in general well-being

What are the main causes of PCOS and PCOD ?

There are multiple causes for the development of both of these medical complications.  Still, understanding the causes of PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) and PCOD (Polycystic Ovary Disorder) is basic for managing these conditions viably. 

Key causes of PCOS

Insulin Resistance: Most of the women with PCOS have insulin resistance, meaning their bodies can’t use the insulin properly. Also, insulin may be a hormone that helps the body utilizes sugar from food for energy. When cells cannot use insulin appropriately, the body’s demand for insulin jumps up. Also, high insulin levels increase the production of male hormones (androgens), which can avoid ovulation, driving to irregular menstrual cycles and situations like excess hair growth and acne break out.

Inflammation issues: On the other side, patients with PCOS frequently have increased levels of inflammation in their bodies. Moreover, this inflammation triggers polycystic ovaries to produce more androgens, which can lead to heart and blood vessel issues.

Genetics: Certain genetic issues also play a key role in PCOS. Moreover, in case that your mother or sister has PCOS, your risk of developing it is higher. Also, analysts are considering particular qualities connected to the condition.

Excessive Androgen: The ovaries of women with PCOS produce more androgens than usual. Also, higher levels of these hormones influence the growth and release of eggs during ovulation. They are also responsible for PCOS side effects such as hair growth and acne break out.

What are the key Causes of PCOD ?

There is a huge similarity within the causes of PCOS and PCOD. That said, the causes of PCOD are less caught on than those of PCOS, but certain lifestyle changes play a key role in its onset:

Lifestyle Components: There are various aspects related to a unhealthy lifestyle like corrupt eating habits, need of physical exercises, and being overweight. These variables can influence hormone levels and lead to the development of cysts within the ovaries.

Hormonal issues: Though the proper reasons aren’t clear, hormonal imbalance characteristics that lead to the overproduction of the male hormone androgen can lead to PCOD. Also, this imbalance can meddled with the growth and release of eggs from the ovaries.

Insulin Resistance: Comparable to PCOS, insulin resistance might also play a role in PCOD. Also, high insulin levels can lead to increased androgen production, causing challenges with ovulation.

There are certain Common Components Impacting Both Conditions

Both PCOS and PCOD are impacted by a combination of hereditary, hormonal, and natural variables. That said, insulin resistance, hormonal imbalance issues, and hereditary conditions are common strings that run through both conditions, recommending that these variables play a key part within the development of polycystic ovaries.

At the same time, understanding these causes is the first step in overseeing PCOS and PCOD. Whereas hereditary components cannot be changed, certain lifestyle changes can essentially affect the management of these conditions. Also, normal physical activity, a balanced diet, keeping up a healthy weight, and medical treatments can help oversee side effects, diminish the chance of complications, and improve overall wellbeing.

For those with insulin resistance, medicines like metformin can enhance the body’s capacity to use insulin more viably, lessening the generation of androgens and improving ovulation. Also, contraceptive pills and anti-androgen medicines can also help regulate menstrual cycles and decrease side effects such as over the top hair growth and acne issues

What are the most suggested PCOD and PCOS treatments?

As mentioned earlier, there isn’t any sure shot PCOS and PCOD treatment. Yet, you can always go for a multi-faceted approach that focuses on managing side effects, addressing to infertility (in the event that it occurs), and lessening the risk of long-term complications like type 2 diabetes and heart issues.

Bringing the right changes in your lifestyle

For both PCOS and PCOD, making good changes in your lifestyle is regularly the first step towards the PCOS or PCOD treatment. This may include:

Healthy diet: Ensuring a healthy and balanced diet is highly important for proper PCOD and PCOS treatment. Moreover, this healthy diet must include, lean proteins, fresh fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Also, decreasing the intake of processed foods, sugary snacks, and beverages can also help control blood sugar levels.

Importance of exercises: Standard physical exercises help big time in weight management, improve insulin resistance, and can help diminish symptoms. Also, exercises can include walking, running, swimming, or taking an interest in sports. You must know that even a slight weight loss of 5-10% can largely improve the symptoms altogether.

Weight Management: On the other side, for overweight or obese women, losing weight is the right way to improve side effects. Moreover, it can help direct your menstrual cycle, decrease the risk of complications

Going for the most appropriate treatments

Hormonal Medications: Birth control pills are commonly endorsed to control menstrual cycles, diminish androgen levels (subsequently diminishing hair growth and acne break out), and secure against endometrial cancer. Also, Other hormonal treatments may include progestin therapy and the use of anti-androgen medicines such as Spironolactone to decrease hair development and skin break out.

Metformin: This medicine, basically utilized to treat type 2 diabetes, can also be endorsed for PCOS to improve insulin resistance and improve ovulation.

Usage of fertility medications: For women with PCOS who wish to get pregnant, fertility medications such as Clomiphene (Clomid) or Letrozole (Femara) can initiate ovulation. In a few cases, gonadotropins may be utilized as a more impactful treatment for ovulation induction .

In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF): In cases where other medications don’t result in pregnancy, IVF may be a fruitful choice. This includes fertilizing an egg outside the body and implanting it within the uterus.

Surgical options

Ovarian drilling: This laparoscopic surgery includes making tiny incision within the ovary with a laser or thin warmed needle to diminish androgen production and invigorate ovulation. It’s ordinarily considered when other medicines don’t work to trigger ovulation in women with PCOS.

Lifestyle changes and home remedies

Apart from all the PCOD and PCOS treatments mentioned, you can also go for the following:

Dietary changes: Go for a low-glycemic index (GI) diet, which may include food options that have a lesser impact on blood sugar levels. Also, going with high-fiber nutrition can also help in managing insulin levels.

Proper exercises: We must also mention that going for a proper workout routine also manage the blood sugar levels, improve wellness, and can help with weight management. Indeed without critical weight loss, work out can help control the menstrual cycle and decrease side effects.

Managing your mental health:  The role of mental health is crucial in the effective PCOD and PCOS treatment. That said, stress can aggravate PCOS symptoms. Hence, practices such as yoga, meditation, and proper breathing exercises out can help oversee stress levels to a great extent.

Other considerations you may opt for

Regular tracking and monitoring: Women with PCOS and PCOD must go for regular checkups to screen their condition, including glucose tolerance tests, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure checks, to anticipate long-term health issues.

Following a sleep schedule: You must also know that proper sleep is fundamental for the effective management of PCOS and PCOD. Certain sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, are more common in women with PCOS. This is where practicing a good sleep schedule can help improve your overall quality of sleep altogether.

Why looking for a Personalized Approach is highly recommended ?

Every person may come up with different symptoms and triggers for the PCOS and PCOD. That said, they may respond differently to a certain treatment. What works for one individual might not work for another. This is where proper and regular consultation with your health professional is highly recommended in prior to opting for any such treatment or solution. Also, do know that regular monitoring of symptoms, and changes to the treatment process are the key to viably managing these conditions.


Regardless of whether or not you are dealing with PCOS or PCOD, opting for a healthier lifestyle is the key. Also, PCOS and PCOD can largely impact the quality of life, but with the proper treatment and lifestyle changes, many of the symptoms can be managed. This is where it is important for the women to look for guidance from a trusted health care professional. The same healthcare professional must create a personalized plan that fits their particular needs and health objectives. With proper management, ladies with PCOS and PCOD can certainly live a healthy and happy life.